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Frequently Asked Questions
  For purposes of Nasdaq's shareholder approval rules, what is "Minimum Price" and "Market Value"?
Identification Number 271

Nasdaq rules require shareholder approval for certain transactions that are priced below the "Minimum Price," as defined in Nasdaq's rules. Under Listing Rule 5635(d), shareholder approval is required in connection with a transaction, other than a public offering, at a price below the Minimum Price involving the sale, issuance or potential issuance by the Company of common stock (or securities convertible into or exercisable for common stock), which alone or together with sales by officers, directors or Substantial Shareholders of the Company, equals 20% or more of the common stock or 20% or more of the voting power outstanding before the issuance. Listing Rule 5635(d) defines "Minimum Price" as the lower of: (i) the closing price (as reflected on; or (ii) the average closing price of the common stock (as reflected on for the five trading days immediately preceding the signing of the binding agreement. Please note that the Nasdaq Official Closing Price is different from the Closing Price. For purposes of Listing Rule 5635(d), the “closing price” means the Nasdaq Official Closing Price, available at See also FAQ #272.     

In addition, under Listing Rule 5635(c), shareholder approval is required for any issuance to an officer, director, employee or consultant of the company at a price less than market value. For this purpose, Listing Rule 5005(a)(23) defines "market value" as the consolidated closing bid price per share immediately preceding the entering into of the binding agreement to issue the securities.

If the transaction is entered into during market hours, before the close of the regular session at 4 PM Eastern Time, market value or Minimum Price are determined based on the previous trading day's closing bid or closing price (or the average closing price for the previous five trading days), as applicable. If the transaction is entered into after the close of the regular session, then that day's closing bid or closing price (or the average closing price for that day and the previous four trading days) is used. Please note that the closing price (Nasdaq Official Closing Price) may differ from the consolidated closing bid price and, therefore, a transaction priced at or above the Minimum Price may still be at a discount to market value for purposes of Listing Rule 5635(c). See also FAQ #275.

Publication Date*: 11/26/2019 Mailto Link Identification Number: 271
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